Computer Sciences

The blockchain concept

Blockchain is the technology that underpins cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin. Fundamentally, the blockchain is simply a ledger, a digital record of transactions associated with a digital currency, a Bitcoin, for instance. ...

Machine learning & AI

New AI tool identifies cancer outcomes using radiology reports

Scientists at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute have demonstrated that an artificial intelligence tool can perform as well as human reviewers—and much more rapidly—in extracting clinical information regarding changes in tumors ...

Computer Sciences

Model improves prediction of mortality risk in ICU patients

In intensive care units, where patients come in with a wide range of health conditions, triaging relies heavily on clinical judgment. ICU staff run numerous physiological tests, such as bloodwork and checking vital signs, ...

Computer Sciences

AI-assisted note-taking for electronic health records

Physicians currently spend a lot of time writing notes about patients and inserting them into electronic health record (EHR) systems. According to a 2016 study, doctors spend approximately two hours on administrative work ...

Software

Startup pushing software system for changing health behaviors

A Minneapolis-based startup company said it has raised $12 million to complete work on a technology platform that's meant to help patients and their clinicians find the best strategies for changing unhealthy behaviors.

Software

Computer-generated doctor explains test results to patients

If viewing your latest medical test results on your doctor'ss online portal leaves you scratching your head and wondering whether to start planning your 100th-birthday bash or begin writing your will, you're not alone.

Computer Sciences

Real-time influenza tracking with 'big data'

Early detection and prediction of influenza outbreaks is critical to minimizing their impact. Currently, flu-like illnesses are tracked by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, but with a time lag of one to two ...

Electronic health record

An electronic health record (EHR) refers to an individual patient's medical record in digital format. Electronic health record systems co-ordinate the storage and retrieval of individual records with the aid of computers. EHRs are usually accessed on a computer, often over a network. It may be made up of electronic medical records (EMRs) from many locations and/or sources. Among the many forms of data often included in EMRs are patient demographics, medical history, medicine and allergy lists (including immunization status), laboratory test results, radiology images, billing records and advanced directives.

EHR systems can reduce medical errors. In one ambulatory healthcare study, however, there was no difference in 14 measures, improvement in 2 outcome measures, and worse outcome on 1 measure.

EHR systems are believed to increase physician efficiency and reduce costs, as well as promote standardization of care. Even though EMR systems with computerized provider order entry (CPOE) have existed for more than 30 years, less than 10 percent of hospitals as of 2006 have a fully integrated system.

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