Engineering

Imaging through random diffusers instantly without a computer

Imaging through scattering and diffusive media has been a challenge for many decades, with numerous solutions reported so far. In principle, images distorted by random diffusers (such as frosted glass) can be recovered using ...

Machine learning & AI

Demystifying machine-learning systems using natural language

Neural networks are sometimes called black boxes because, despite the fact that they can outperform humans on certain tasks, even the researchers who design them often don't understand how or why they work so well. But if ...

Machine learning & AI

Physical systems perform machine-learning computations

You may not be able to teach an old dog new tricks, but Cornell researchers have found a way to train physical systems, ranging from computer speakers and lasers to simple electronic circuits, to perform machine-learning ...

Robotics

How robots learn to hike

ETH Zurich researchers led by Marco Hutter developed a new control approach that enables a legged robot, called ANYmal, to move quickly and robustly over difficult terrain. Thanks to machine learning, the robot can combine ...

Computer Sciences

How well do explanation methods for machine-learning models work?

Imagine a team of physicians using a neural network to detect cancer in mammogram images. Even if this machine-learning model seems to be performing well, it might be focusing on image features that are accidentally correlated ...

Engineering

Rational design guidelines for neuromorphic devices

Maps are essential for exploring trackless wilderness or vast expanses of ocean. The same is true for scientific studies that try to open up new fields and develop brand-new devices. A journey without maps and signposts tends ...

Computer Sciences

Citizen science, supercomputers and AI

Citizen scientists have helped researchers discover new types of galaxies, design drugs to fight COVID-19, and map the bird world. The term describes a range of ways that the public can meaningfully contribute to scientific ...

page 1 from 2