Electronics & Semiconductors

Ultrasonic social distancing

Social distancing has been a critical component of the world's response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The idea being that keeping physical apart from other people will reduce the risk of a person spreading the respiratory virus ...

Engineering

Improving grid reliability in the face of extreme events

The nation's power grid remains vulnerable to disruption from extreme events including wildfires, severe storms, and cyberattacks. Variable generation resources and load volatility also present operational challenges to grid ...

Hardware

Open-source GPU technology for supercomputers

Researchers from the HSE International Laboratory for Supercomputer Atomistic Modeling and Multi-scale Analysis, JIHT RAS and MIPT have compared the performance of popular molecular modeling programs on GPU accelerators produced ...

Software

Google Lyra will enable voice calls for another billion users

During 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic has showcased the immense importance of online communication. Regardless of location and network connectivity, communication technology has come into play more than ever before.

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Open source

Open source is an approach to the design, development, and distribution of software, offering practical accessibility to a software's source code. Some consider open source as one of various possible design approaches, while others consider it a critical strategic element of their operations. Before open source became widely adopted, developers and producers used a variety of phrases to describe the concept; the term open source gained popularity with the rise of the Internet, which provided access to diverse production models, communication paths, and interactive communities.

Software development costs in organizations have been touted as being approximately 15% of total costs. This indicates that the value of one over another development methodology is more of a marketing decision (which customers and pricing models) as much as it is about the design of software. The open source model of operation and decision making allows concurrent input of different agendas, approaches and priorities, and differs from the more closed, centralized models of development. The principles and practices are commonly applied to the peer production development of source code for software that is made available for public collaboration. The result of this peer-based collaboration is usually released as open-source software, however open source methods are increasingly being applied in other fields of endeavor, such as biotechnology.

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