Electronics & Semiconductors

Fabricating qubits using advanced semiconductor manufacturing processes

Quantum computers are promising computing machines that perform computations leveraging the collective properties of quantum physics states. These computers could help to tackle many computational problems that are currently ...

Computer Sciences

Securing the 'internet of things' in the quantum age

MIT researchers have developed a novel cryptography circuit that can be used to protect low-power "internet of things" (IoT) devices in the coming age of quantum computing.

Engineering

Tiny, cheap solution for quantum-secure encryption

It's fairly reasonable to assume that an encrypted email can't be seen by prying eyes. That's because in order to break through most of the encryption systems we use on a day-to-day basis, unless you are the intended recipient, ...

Computer Sciences

A language for quantum computing

Time crystals. Microwaves. Diamonds. What do these three disparate things have in common?

Computer Sciences

Major improvements in quantum fidelity

Researchers used Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Quantum Computing User Program (QCUP) to achieve major improvements in quantum fidelity, a potential step toward more accurate, reliable quantum networks and supercomputers.

Engineering

Making quantum computers even more powerful

Engineers at Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL) have developed a method for reading several qubits—the smallest unit of quantum data—at the same time. Their method paves the way to a new generation of even ...

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Quantum computer

A quantum computer is a device for computation that makes direct use of quantum mechanical phenomena, such as superposition and entanglement, to perform operations on data. The basic principle behind quantum computation is that quantum properties can be used to represent data and perform operations on these data.

Although quantum computing is still in its infancy, experiments have been carried out in which quantum computational operations were executed on a very small number of qubits (quantum binary digits). Both practical and theoretical research continues with interest, and many national government and military funding agencies support quantum computing research to develop quantum computers for both civilian and national security purposes, such as cryptanalysis.

If large-scale quantum computers can be built, they will be able to solve certain problems much faster than any of our current classical computers (for example Shor's algorithm). Quantum computers are different from other computers such as DNA computers and traditional computers based on transistors. Some computing architectures such as optical computers may use classical superposition of electromagnetic waves. Without some specifically quantum mechanical resources such as entanglement, it is conjectured that an exponential advantage over classical computers is not possible.

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