Computer Sciences news

Hardware

Unlimited digital sensing unleashed for imaging, audio, and driverless cars

A new technique could unleash the potential for digital sensors like cameras to sense all light intensities, and microphones to sense all audio ranges

Computer Sciences

We created holograms you can touch: You could soon shake a virtual colleague's hand

The TV show "Star Trek: The Next Generation" introduced millions of people to the idea of a holodeck: an immersive, realistic 3D holographic projection of a complete environment that you could interact with and even touch.

Computer Sciences

Technologies can help drivers maintain the two-second rule to improve road safety and traffic flow

The two-second rule, taught in driver's ed classes across the country, is a rule of thumb that helps drivers maintain a safe distance from the car ahead at any speed. Adhering to the two-second rule can be difficult. A team ...

Computer Sciences

A multi-task learning network to recognize the numbers on jerseys of sports team players

When reporting on sports games live or remotely, commentators should be able to quickly recognize the numbers on the players' jersey shirts, as this allows them to keep up with what's happening and communicate it to their ...

Computer Sciences

A framework to evaluate techniques for simulating physical systems

The simulation of physical systems using computing tools can have numerous valuable applications, both in research and real-world settings. Most existing tools for simulating physical systems are based on physics theory and ...

Computer Sciences

A way to spot computer-generated faces

A small team of researchers from The State University of New York at Albany, the State University of New York at Buffalo and Keya Medical has found a common flaw in computer-generated faces by which they can be identified. ...

Computer Sciences

Study: AI can make better clinical decisions than humans

It's an old adage: there's no harm in getting a second opinion. But what if that second opinion could be generated by a computer, using artificial intelligence? Would it come up with better treatment recommendations than ...

Software

A new dataset for better augmented and mixed reality

Computer scientists at the University of California San Diego have released OpenRooms, an new, open source dataset with tools that will help users manipulate objects, materials, lighting and other properties in indoor 3D ...

Computer Sciences

Getting around the smart city

Smart cities will not be truly smart until they have sustainable transport systems. New work published in the International Journal of Shipping and Transport Logistics has used fuzzy logic to look at the options.

Computer Sciences

Moving hazardous goods in the smart city

The transportation of hazardous materials through densely populated areas, such as cities, is a necessary part of modern life, but comes with risks of spills and leaks, explosions, environmental issues, and public health ...

Computer Sciences

New modelling methodology for large-scale dynamic networks

Engineering systems, such as power grids and transportation systems, are becoming increasingly complex and encompass numerous sub-systems that are spatially interconnected. Modeling of these 'dynamic networks' is an important ...

Computer Sciences

Researchers offer standards for studies using machine learning

Researchers in the life sciences who use machine learning for their studies should adopt standards that allow other researchers to reproduce their results, according to a comment article published today in the journal Nature ...

Internet

Bending light for cheaper Internet

Wide area networks (WANs), the global backbones and workhorses of today's Internet that connect billions of computers over continents and oceans, are the foundation of modern online services. As COVID-19 has placed a vital ...

Computer Sciences

A vision-based robotic system for 3D ultrasound imaging

Ultrasound imaging techniques have proved to be highly valuable tools for diagnosing a variety of health conditions, including peripheral artery disease (PAD). PAD, one of the most common diseases among the elderly, entails ...

Computer Sciences

Team creates software to optimize pharmaceutical development

The development of a new medication is an incredibly complex process. From laboratory research, to testing for safety and efficacy, to setting up manufacturing and obtaining regulatory approval, the process can take up to ...

Computer Sciences

An AI expert explains why it's hard to give computers common sense

Imagine you're having friends over for lunch and plan to order a pepperoni pizza. You recall Amy mentioning that Susie had stopped eating meat. You try calling Susie, but when she doesn't pick up, you decide to play it safe ...

Software

High-performance detection tool for ReDoS-vulnerability

Regular expressions (regexes) are widely used in different fields of computer science. However, the Regular expression Denial of Service (ReDoS) vulnerability forms a class of common and serious algorithmic complexity attacks.

Computer Sciences

How hackers can 'poison' open-source code

Cornell Tech researchers have discovered a new type of online attack that can manipulate natural-language modeling systems and evade any known defense—with possible consequences ranging from modifying movie reviews to manipulating ...

Engineering

Facebook engineers announce development of Time Cards

A pair of Facebook engineers have announced the development of Time Cards—PCIe cards that can be used in x86 architecture machines to serve as a timekeeping device. In their announcement on the Facebook Engineering blog ...

Computer Sciences

Teaching AI to see depth in photographs and paintings

Researchers in SFU's Computational Photography Lab hope to give computers a visual advantage that we humans take for granted—the ability to see depth in photographs. While humans naturally can determine how close or far ...