Computer Sciences news

Computer Sciences

Computer model fosters potential improvements to 'bionic eye' technology

There are millions of people who face the loss of their eyesight from degenerative eye diseases. The genetic disorder retinitis pigmentosa alone affects 1 in 4,000 people worldwide.

Computer Sciences

CPU algorithm trains deep neural nets up to 15 times faster than top GPU trainers

Rice University computer scientists have demonstrated artificial intelligence (AI) software that runs on commodity processors and trains deep neural networks 15 times faster than platforms based on graphics processors.

Engineering

3D city models can serve hundreds of purposes

3D City models can be used in map applications, urban planning, virtual events and as a starting point for various other applications. At Aalto University, research into the topic has focused on ways to use city models in ...

Computer Sciences

Deep learning networks prefer the human voice—just like us

The digital revolution is built on a foundation of invisible 1s and 0s called bits. As decades pass, and more and more of the world's information and knowledge morph into streams of 1s and 0s, the notion that computers prefer ...

Computer Sciences

Topological data analysis can help predict stock-market crashes

EPFL scientists, together with local startup L2F, have developed a robust model that can predict when a systemic shift is about to occur, based on methods from a branch of mathematics called topological data analysis.

Software

Tool visualizes the flow of goods into and across the U.S.

A newly released dataset that tracks the movement of everything from food to gasoline across the United States by air, water, truck, rail and pipeline showed the value and tonnage of those goods rose significantly between ...

Business

NFTs: Why digital art has such a massive carbon footprint

How much would you be willing to pay for a one-of-a-kind work of art? For some collectors, the limit lies somewhere in the region of hundreds of millions of dollars. What about a work of art that has no tangible form, and ...

Computer Sciences

Optimization for resource management using multi-agent systems

Urban development is therefore becoming more important. The efficiency of existing real-world lift transport and road network systems can be measured through surveillance equipment such as cameras and global positioning system ...

Computer Sciences

Sweden's fastest supercomputer for AI is now online

Berzelius is now Sweden's fastest supercomputer for AI and machine learning, and has been installed in the National Supercomputer Centre at Linköping University. A donation of EUR 29.5 million from the Knut and Alice Wallenberg ...

Computer Sciences

Novel deep learning framework for symbolic regression

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) computer scientists have developed a new framework and an accompanying visualization tool that leverages deep reinforcement learning for symbolic regression problems, outperforming ...

Computer Sciences

IBM's AI debating system able to compete with expert human debaters

IBM has developed an artificial intelligence-based system designed to engage in debates with humans. In their paper published in the journal Nature, the team members describe their system and how well it performed when pitted ...

Computer Sciences

Affective computing meets EU data protection law

Affective computing (AC and sometimes called "Emotional AI') provides opportunities to automatically process emotional data. However, is EU data protection law fit for purpose when it is applied to such AC approaches?

Computer Sciences

Facebook announces AI that learns from videos

As a platform hosting a great deal of content, Facebook developers are creating an AI project called Learning from Videos that can learn from publicly available videos uploaded to the website. This AI aims to use audio, textual ...

Computer Sciences

Researchers explore possibilities for an ultra-secure gun registry

Proposals to create a national gun registry have long been met with fierce opposition from gun rights advocates. While proponents say a registry would help in tracking guns used in crimes, opponents worry that it would compromise ...

Computer Sciences

New approach found for energy-efficient AI applications

Most new achievements in artificial intelligence (AI) require very large neural networks. They consist of hundreds of millions of neurons arranged in several hundred layers, i.e. they have very 'deep' network structures. ...

Computer Sciences

Team shows how Turing-like patterns fool neural networks

Skoltech researchers were able to show that patterns that can cause neural networks to make mistakes in recognizing images are, in effect, akin to Turing patterns found all over the natural world. In the future, this result ...