Stop that drone: UAV freeze technique readied by British firms

Stop that drone: UAV freeze technique readied by British firms

A system with rays that can freeze drones mid-flight has been developed by three British companies, said BBC News earlier this month.

The companies call it the Auds (stands for Anti-UAV Defense System). It uses a strong radio signal and jams the drone's signal covertly. The operator is likely to retrieve the drone believing that it has malfunctioned. Actually, the Auds operator has the choice to freeze the drone just for a short time, to make the owner assume that there's something wrong with it, or for a longer period until its battery dies and it crashes.

How it works: scanning radar detects the drone and it is then sighted via a camera with thermal imaging capabilities, according to the BBC. What follows is a high-powered radio signal focused on the drone to override the connection to the drone's operator.

The three companies are Enterprise Control Systems, Blighter Surveillance Systems and Chess Dynamics. The news release discussed system components.

(1) A quad band radio frequency (RF) inhibitor/jammer enables the AUDS operator to disrupt different licensed telemetry bands of commercial drones no matter where in the world they were designed and licensed; both the 433 and 915 MHz frequencies used by can be disrupted as can 2.4 GHz control band and global satellite bands.

(2) The optical disruptor is for pointing at a drone for identification purposes and disrupting the automatic gain control settings in the drone's camera system such that the operator loses visibility.

The system went through government-sponsored trials and now there is a production version. Mark Radford, CEO of Blighter Surveillance Systems, as reported in The Engineer, talked about extensive trials across Europe and North Americas and feedback. "We have so far carried out over 150 hours of live testing in government-organized trials operating against more than 200 flown sorties of group 1 UAVs. Feedback from our own team and from customers was for a greater level of modularity to speed deployment and to minimize the need for multi person set-up teams. This has now been implemented in the production version."

How serious are threats posed by unfriendly drones? Graham Beall, managing director, Chess Dynamics, said: "Countering is now a global issue and an increasing concern for the military, government and homeland security forces across every continent. It's expected that unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) will be used increasingly for malicious purposes as they can carry cameras, weapons, toxic chemicals and explosives and are being used increasingly for terrorism, espionage and smuggling purposes."

The Telegraph's technology news editor, James Titcomb, said "Drones have become incredibly cheap to manufacture in recent years as the cost of their components plummet. This has raised concerns that they might be used for all sorts of illicit activities, from drug smuggling to surveillance to terrorism, and disrupt air travel, especially at airports."


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Oct 12, 2015
Sounds like I need to include instructions on what to do if it detects a jammed or lost signal.

Oct 12, 2015
Not a particularly new technique. Militaries have all sorts of EM Pulse type weapons to temporarily disable unshielded or poorly shielded circuit boards. All a UAV needs is a shielded motherboard, and a temporary autopilot with evasive maneuvers that's triggered by loss of communications with the operator.

Oct 13, 2015
"It's expected that unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) will be used increasingly for malicious purposes as they can carry cameras, weapons, toxic chemicals and explosives and are being used increasingly for terrorism, espionage and smuggling purposes."

Indeed, drones will be the 21st century most used tool to commit terrorists attack, unless terrorists cease to exist thanks to education that is, or something worse was to be created and put to public sale. Trust me on that one, i have a very low probability to be wrong there.
Cheap comparison : if terrorism was a Playstation 2 game, drones would be a cheat code for this game.

As Jeffhans1 noted, jamming doesn't put the drone offline, only the communication. Easy to tell the drone : move until you get communication back. And terrorist drones won't need communication once target is in sight.
We need better defense.

Oct 13, 2015
Strong lasers that physically disable the UAV in as short a pulse as possible will be the most viable defense system, and possibly the only viable system.

It *might* be possible to build 'interceptor' or 'spider' UAVs that are very fast and light and disable the target by direct impact, or by entangling its rotors in monofilament line (e.g. SpiderWire) or something similar.

A 'spider'-type interceptor would simply tangle up the target's rotors and both would drop to the ground. To make it fast and agile enough to work it could be flown automatically by a computer that locks-on to and tracks the target just like the RF or optical systems have to do.

The need for continuous RF jamming or tracking with an optical disruptor means the system featured in the article will be ineffective against a swarm attack, and the low cost of UAVs means such are highly-likely so any countermeasures must be able to address them.

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