Inequalities in the UK can be detected using deep learning image analysis

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Social, economic, environmental and health inequalities within cities can be detected using street imagery. The findings, from scientists at Imperial College London, are published in Scientific Reports this week.

Detailed measurements of the substantial inequalities that exist within large cities like London are crucial for informing and evaluating policies that aim to reduce them. However, only a small number of countries have fully linked statistical datasets that allow for real-time measurements.

Esra Suel and colleagues from Imperial's School of Public Health used a deep-learning approach to train a computer programme to detect inequalities in four major UK cities – London, Birmingham, Manchester and Leeds – using publicly available street view images and government statistics.

Trained on 156,581 images from London corresponding to 156,581 postcodes, the programme predicted outcomes with similar accuracy in the other three cities, after it had been fine-tuned with only 1% of additional images collected in the West Midlands, Greater Manchester and West Yorkshire. 

The authors hypothesized that some features of cities and urban life, such as quality of housing and the living environment, have direct visual signals that a computer could recognize.

Local shops and disrepair

These include building materials and disrepair, cars, or local shops. Combined with government statistics on outcomes such as housing conditions, mean income, or mortality and morbidity rates for one city, may be used to train a computer programme to detect inequalities in other cities that lack statistical data.

The authors found that their computer programme was most successful at recognizing differences in quality of the living environment and mean income.

'Measuring social, environmental and health inequalities using deep learning and street imagery' by E.Suel et al is published in the journal Scientific Reports.


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More information: Esra Suel et al. Measuring social, environmental and health inequalities using deep learning and street imagery, Scientific Reports (2019). DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-42036-w
Journal information: Scientific Reports

Citation: Inequalities in the UK can be detected using deep learning image analysis (2019, April 19) retrieved 22 May 2019 from https://techxplore.com/news/2019-04-inequalities-uk-deep-image-analysis.html
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Apr 19, 2019
Inequalities in the UK can be detected using deep learning image analysis

Without the implicit leftist ideology the headline would read:

Differences in the UK can be detected using deep learning image analysis

And the first sentence would be:

Social, economic, environmental and health differences within cities can be detected using street imagery.

There. Much better. Of course fixing the rest of the article is also necessary but you can make the proper substitutions.

Fyi, life isn't fair, people are born into varying circumstances and make different choices which result in vastly different situations, and "equality" is a nebulous term whose meaning changes to suit the tastes of the person using it. To Leftists it's an (unachievable) ideal that in all past attempts has resulted in the epic disasters of Socialism (U.S.S.R., Cuba, North Korea, Venezuela, etc.).

Apr 20, 2019
Do not conflate the Political term Communism with the Economic term Socialism, that is one of the biggest mistakes people who consider themselves rightwing constantly make, Communism used an extreme form of socialism, but in truth practiced vulture capitalism, oligarchy and dictatorship, which is not at all 'Socialism'. Communism and the fake socialism used there leads to the same place as corrupt, unfettered capitalism: Plantation owners and serfs (whom are not 'slaves' because they get paid).

People who do not know the differences should go back and do more study.


Apr 21, 2019
Inequality of this and of that and the other thing.
So, what does all of this mean, anyway? Do the researchers prefer for everyone to be equally POOR, or everyone to be equally WEALTHY? Truth is that the majority of humans wish to be middle-class with a chance to become wealthy if things go right. A good education is always the best policy, provided that one is educated in a field/profession that is paid well.
There are some folks who enjoy being poor and down-and-out. It is a 'mind set' in which they are happiest. Those who attempt to change human nature are in for a bruising.

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