Computer Sciences

More chat, less duh, on the way thanks to Nvidia AI leaps with BERT

In the future are chatbots that are even more chatty and less dim-witted. Yes, the day will come when you can easily reflect on how far AI's language skills have come. And upon that reflection, do not ignore Nvidia's contributions ...

Internet

Spotting misinformation online via artificial intelligence

We live in an era of too much information—an endless stream of status updates, memes, reposts, infographics, quotes and hashtags roll daily through our social media feeds, meant to express viewpoints, drum up solidarity, ...

Internet

Study finds racial bias in tweets flagged as hate speech

Tweets believed to be written by African Americans are much more likely to be tagged as hate speech than tweets associated with whites, according to a Cornell study analyzing five collections of Twitter data marked for abusive ...

Machine Learning & AI

Teaching AI to overcome human bias

Are you smarter than a machine learning model? Let's find out. Choose the answer that contradicts the following premise:

Internet

Researchers develop a method to identify computer-generated text

In a world of Deep Fakes and far too human natural language AI, researchers at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) and IBM Research asked: Is there a better way to help people detect ...

Machine Learning & AI

Eliminating bias in AI

In human beings, intelligence is no inoculation against bias and bigotry. The same holds true for computers. Intelligent machines learn about the world through the filters of human language and historical behaviour—meaning ...

Robotics

A dialogue system to enhance goal-oriented human-robot interactions

Researchers at SUNY Binghamton, Cleveland State University and the University of Washington have recently developed a new dialogue system that could improve human-robot interactions. This system, presented in a paper pre-published ...

Internet

Google says partner leaked classified Dutch data

Internet giant Google acknowledged Thursday that a language expert it partnered with had leaked sensitive Dutch audio data, following a report by the Belgian media group VRT.

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Language

A language is a system for encoding information. In its most common use, the term refers to so-called "natural languages" — the forms of communication considered peculiar to humankind. In linguistics the term is extended to refer to the human cognitive facility of creating and using language. Essential to both meanings is the systematic creation and usage of systems of symbols—each referring to linguistic concepts with semantic or logical or otherwise expressive meanings.

The most obvious manifestations are spoken languages such as English or Spoken Chinese. However, there are also written languages and other systems of visual symbols such as sign languages.

Although some other animals make use of quite sophisticated communicative systems, and these are sometimes casually referred to as animal language, none of these are known to make use of all of the properties that linguists use to define language in the strict sense.

When discussed more technically as a general phenomenon then, "language" always implies a particular type of human thought which can be present even when communication is not the result, and this way of thinking is also sometimes treated as indistinguishable from language itself.

In Western Philosophy for example, language has long been closely associated with reason, which is also a uniquely human way of using symbols. In Ancient Greek philosophical terminology, the same word, logos, was used as a term for both language or speech and reason, and the philosopher Thomas Hobbes used the English word "speech" so that it similarly could refer to reason, as will be discussed below.

This text uses material from Wikipedia, licensed under CC BY-SA