Machine Learning & AI

Tweaking tools to track tweets over time

Your social media posts reveal a lot about you. KAUST researchers have developed a dynamic computational model that can analyze tweets to identify Twitter users' interests and track changes over time. "Understanding the evolution ...

Machine Learning & AI

OpenAI's GPT-2 algorithm is good in knitting fake news

Fake. Dangerous. Scary. Too good. When headlines swim with verdicts like those then you suspect, correctly, that you're in the land of artificial intelligence, where someone has come up with yet another AI model.

Hi Tech & Innovation

New technology breaks through sign language barriers

Opportunities once distant to the hard-of-hearing community will become a reality with a breakthrough sign language translator. Engineers from Michigan State University developed and patented a technology that – unlike ...

Computer Sciences

IBM says AI debate loss is still a win

IBM conceded Tuesday its artificial intelligence-powered Project Debater lost a competition to a human debate champion but said the experience was an important milestone in efforts to get computers to master human language.

Computer Sciences

A new approach for low-resource machine transliteration using RNNs

A team of researchers at Universite du Quebec a Montreal and Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh (VNU-HCM) have recently developed an approach for machine transliteration based on recurrent neural networks (RNNs). Transliteration ...

Consumer & Gadgets

Learning system for visually impaired features coding by using hands

Visually impaired children who would love to learn how to code? Here's looking at you, says Microsoft. Its approach toward teaching with a physical programming language has taken bigger steps since its beginnings four years ...

Machine Learning & AI

How AI could help you learn sign language

Sign languages aren't easy to learn and are even harder to teach. They use not just hand gestures but also mouthings, facial expressions and body posture to communicate meaning. This complexity means professional teaching ...

Computer Sciences

Artificial intelligence blends algorithms and applications

Artificial intelligence is already a part of everyday life. It helps us answer questions like "Is this email spam?" It identifies friends in online photographs, selects news stories based on our politics and helps us deposit ...

Software

StorySign app converts text in children's books to sign language

A team of researchers and engineers at Huawei AI has come up with a unique way to help deaf children learn to read sign language—by using AI and augmented reality to interpret printed books. They have also hit on a way ...

Computer Sciences

Scalable forecasts for IoT in the cloud

This week at the International Conference on Data Mining, IBM Research-Ireland scientist Francesco Fusco demonstrated IBM Research Castor, a system for managing time series data and models at scale and on the cloud. Businesses ...

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Language

A language is a system for encoding information. In its most common use, the term refers to so-called "natural languages" — the forms of communication considered peculiar to humankind. In linguistics the term is extended to refer to the human cognitive facility of creating and using language. Essential to both meanings is the systematic creation and usage of systems of symbols—each referring to linguistic concepts with semantic or logical or otherwise expressive meanings.

The most obvious manifestations are spoken languages such as English or Spoken Chinese. However, there are also written languages and other systems of visual symbols such as sign languages.

Although some other animals make use of quite sophisticated communicative systems, and these are sometimes casually referred to as animal language, none of these are known to make use of all of the properties that linguists use to define language in the strict sense.

When discussed more technically as a general phenomenon then, "language" always implies a particular type of human thought which can be present even when communication is not the result, and this way of thinking is also sometimes treated as indistinguishable from language itself.

In Western Philosophy for example, language has long been closely associated with reason, which is also a uniquely human way of using symbols. In Ancient Greek philosophical terminology, the same word, logos, was used as a term for both language or speech and reason, and the philosopher Thomas Hobbes used the English word "speech" so that it similarly could refer to reason, as will be discussed below.

This text uses material from Wikipedia, licensed under CC BY-SA