Hybrid system designed to harvest 'full spectrum' of solar energy

Hybrid system designed to harvest 'full spectrum' of solar energy
This schematic depicts a new concept that could bring highly efficient solar power by combining three types of technologies that convert different parts of the light spectrum and also store energy for use after sundown. Credit: Purdue University image/Peter Bermel

A new concept could bring highly efficient solar power by combining three types of technologies that convert different parts of the light spectrum and also store energy for use after sundown.

Combining the technologies could make it possible to harness and store far more of the spectrum of sunlight than is possible using any one of the technologies separately.

"Harvesting the full spectrum of sunlight using a hybrid approach offers the potential for higher efficiencies, lower power production costs, and increased power grid compatibility than any single technology by itself," said Peter Bermel, an assistant professor in Purdue University's School of Electrical and Computer Engineering. "The idea is to use technologies that, for the most part exist now, but to combine them in a creative way that allows us to get higher efficiencies than we normally would."

The approach combines , which convert visible and ultraviolet light into electricity, that convert heat into electricity, and steam turbines to generate electricity. The thermoelectric devices and steam turbines would be driven by heat collected and stored using mirrors to focus sunlight onto a newly designed "selective solar absorber and reflector."

"This is a spectrally selective system, so it is able to efficiently make use of as much of the spectrum as possible," he said. "The thermal storage allows for significant flexibility in the time of power generation, so the system can produce power for hours after sunset, providing a consistent source of throughout the day."

Findings from the research are detailed in a paper with an advance online publication date of Aug. 15, and the paper is scheduled to appear in a future print issue of the journal Energy & Environmental Science.

The hybrid system is designed to meet the changing demands for electricity at different times of the day.

"Typically for U.S. households, you have low usage overnight, then the demand goes up substantially in the morning, drops off a little during the day and then spikes upward around 5 p.m.," Bermel said. "Photovoltaics match very well with the load during the day, but not when it spikes. So the idea is to store energy just for a few hours, and that helps you address times of spiking demand."

Ideally, the system could achieve efficiencies of more than 50 percent using realistic materials, compared to 31 percent for photovoltaic cells alone.

The new selective solar absorber and reflector is the lynchpin of this approach and would perform two crucial roles: increase efficiency by reflecting visible light but absorbing near-infrared photons, and increase the temperature of the stored heat, which is then harnessed as electricity when it is needed throughout the course of the day.

Experimental research is still required to validate the theoretical design of the overall system.

"I think that this hybrid approach is doable," Bermel said. "In principle, we understand what needs to be done, but we need to do the experiments to validate the components and the whole system together."


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More information: P. Bermel et al. Hybrid strategies and technologies for full spectrum solar conversion, Energy Environ. Sci. (2016). DOI: 10.1039/C6EE01386D
Journal information: Energy & Environmental Science

Provided by Purdue University
Citation: Hybrid system designed to harvest 'full spectrum' of solar energy (2016, August 18) retrieved 16 July 2019 from https://techxplore.com/news/2016-08-hybrid-harvest-full-spectrum-solar.html
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Aug 19, 2016
According to foreign media reports, Lockheed Martin in the recently conducted a field test, using a new burning laser weapons destroyed a small truck engine from a mile away.The laser weapon is developed according to a similar area defense system which working to combat the threat of air, the same is developed by Lockheed Martin.The truck is not normally running, but on a platform, and keep the engine and power system in a state of start. According to a company spokesman said, this is the highest energy produced by the type of laser weapon records, which also set a new milestone. Lockheed Martin hopes to continue to carry out additional tests of the laser weapon.
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Aug 19, 2016
The correct term is "integration" and not "combination". And it is the "secret" to the application of alternative energy.

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