Li-ion battery components to be printed on an inkjet printer

Li-ion battery components to be printed on an inkjet printer
Electrode manufacturing stages by the developed technology. Scientists synthesized the active cathode material as a stable colloidal solution of lithium-manganese compound, optimized its rheological parameters for inkjet printing and investigated the electrochemical properties of the printed electrode. That confirmed the feasibility of using the proposed approach and the selected composition of the cathode material Credit: Peter the Great St.Petersburg Polytechnic University

Scientists from Peter the Great St.Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU) are developing a technology for printing the electrodes for miniature li-ion batteries using an inkjet printer. The ongoing research may help to create power supplies for biosensors, wearable electronics, and other miniature devices. The results of the study are published in one of the leading scientific journals Energy Technology. The research was carried out with the financial support of the National Technological Initiative center of SPbPU and two Russian science foundation grants.

Li-ion batteries produced by a conventional technology, have a high density, meaning they can store a large amount of it in a small volume. Due to this property, they are often used for miniature devices, such as smartwatches, stylus pens and so on. Nowadays, the advancement in that field reached its technological limit, and a further reduction in size is challenging. Therefore, technology growth requires new approaches for manufacturing of batteries. Among other possible solutions are the methods used in the production of integrated circuits, as well as various methods that have an advantage in their high performance.

To print electrodes with the given characteristics, one needs to select the synthesis conditions, composition and viscosity of the printing solution, and the printing parameters (for example, the distance between the drops and the number of layers applied). It is a challenging task for specialists from different fields of science. Electrodes manufactured by inkjet printing, cannot provide a sufficiently compared to electrodes produced by traditional technology. The observed difference is due to the use of various materials, as well as the parameters of the manufactured electrodes—active layer density, the proportion of active material, etc.

Li-ion battery components to be printed on an inkjet printer
Scientists from Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University are developing a technology for printing the electrodes for miniature li-ion batteries by an inkjet printer. Credit: Peter the Great St.Petersburg Polytechnic University

"To reduce the difference in energy density, we propose to use promising compounds based on lithium and manganese-enriched with an increased capacity," said Maxim Maximov, the leading researcher at the "Synthesis of new materials and structures laboratory" of the Advanced Manufacturing Technologies Center of the National Technology Initiative (NTI) of Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University. "We demonstrated the possibility of electrodes manufacturing with this material by inkjet printing. We have also found that the energy intensity of the material in the printed electrode and the made by traditional technology are close."

Using the synthesized active cathode material, the scientists prepared a stable colloidal solution and optimized its rheological parameters for inkjet printing. They selected the conditions for printing electrodes, conducted a study of the electrochemical properties of printed electrodes, confirming the prospects of using this technological approach and the chosen composition of the cathode material. Soon, scientists plan to conduct research that will provide a further increase in the energy intensity of the printed electrodes and the prototype of the li-ion battery.


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More information: Denis S. Kolchanov et al, Inkjet Printing of Li‐Rich Cathode Material for Thin‐Film Lithium‐Ion Microbatteries, Energy Technology (2019). DOI: 10.1002/ente.201901086
Provided by Peter the Great Saint-Petersburg Polytechnic University
Citation: Li-ion battery components to be printed on an inkjet printer (2019, November 20) retrieved 28 September 2020 from https://techxplore.com/news/2019-11-li-ion-battery-components-inkjet-printer.html
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