The heat transport ability of lithium-ion battery cathodes is much lower than previously determined

The heat transport ability of lithium-ion battery cathodes is much lower than previously determined
ORNL researchers determined lower heat exchange in lithium-ion batteries is caused by the strong non-harmonic forces among ions and weak interaction between layers, providing guidance for high-density battery design. Credit: Tianli Feng/ORNL, U.S. Dept. of Energy

Oak Ridge National Laboratory researchers proved that the heat transport ability of lithium-ion battery cathodes is much lower than previously determined, a finding that could help explain barriers to increasing energy storage capacity and boosting performance.

Research on , which are used primarily in and laptops, has shown that lower is hampered, which leads to less energy density and poorer performance.

In the study, researchers used quantum mechanical calculations to predict the inherent heat transport capabilities of battery cathodes and the impacts of charging. Further evaluation looked at how strong vibrational forces among ions between the material's layers can influence heat.

"We found heat transport to be more inefficient than thought due to the non-harmonic vibrational forces among ions, worsening during charging," ORNL's Tianli Feng said. "Our results resolve long-standing issues regarding heat transport and provide guidance for how future high-density batteries can be designed."


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More information: Tianli Feng et al. Quantum prediction of ultra-low thermal conductivity in lithium intercalation materials, Nano Energy (2020). DOI: 10.1016/j.nanoen.2020.104916
Journal information: Nano Energy

Citation: The heat transport ability of lithium-ion battery cathodes is much lower than previously determined (2020, November 6) retrieved 17 September 2021 from https://techxplore.com/news/2020-11-ability-lithium-ion-battery-cathodes-previously.html
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