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Researchers use artificial intelligence to find road safety issues in school zones

Researchers use artificial intelligence to find road safety issues in school zones
From left, Eren Erman Ozguven, a professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the FAMU-FSU College of Engineering, and graduate student Richard Antwi. They are working on a study that uses computer vision tools to map roadway geometry in Florida school zones. Credit: Mark Wallheiser/FAMU-FSU College of Engineering

Researchers at the Resilient Infrastructure and Disaster Response Center (RIDER) are using artificial intelligence and aerial imaging to make Florida's school zones safer.

A study led by researchers at RIDER and the FAMU-FSU College of Engineering uses computer vision tools to replace manual inventories of road features in zones. The study was published in Transportation Research Record.

"Land-based methods are tedious, costly and potentially hazardous for working on busy roadways," said lead author and doctoral student Richard Antwi. "Our research team has designed a new AI-based tool that collects data using aerial technology that is more accurate, faster and costs less."

The researchers used -driven computer vision and deep learning techniques to extract information from images and videos and process it into useful data.

They set up the initial study in Orange County, Florida, home to more than 250 with over 200,000 students and a county-wide population of about 1.42 million people. The team used aerial imagery archived with the Florida Department of Transportation and computer modeling to map school zones, then developed a method to extract recognizable school zone markings from high-quality photographs.

Their method identifies outdated and invisible markings by comparing the locations of school zones with other geometric features, such as crosswalks. The procedure eliminates the need for manual inventory data entry, prevents errors and speeds up results.

"Collecting up-to-date roadway geometry data is essential for transportation agencies so they can undertake planning, maintenance, design and rehabilitation of roadways," said Eren Ozguven, RIDER director and a study co-author. "Our goal was to improve that process, which will pay dividends for students, pedestrians and drivers in Florida."

The new model provides critical information for transportation agencies that will ultimately save lives. The method is more accurate and provides vital information to analyze school zone markings that are old and less visible and may pose crash risks and hazards. Officials can address areas of need faster.

The researchers plan to improve the model by integrating crash and traffic data and demographics for a more detailed analysis.

More information: Richard Boadu Antwi et al, Detecting School Zones on Florida's Public Roadways Using Aerial Images and Artificial Intelligence (AI2), Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board (2023). DOI: 10.1177/03611981231185771

Citation: Researchers use artificial intelligence to find road safety issues in school zones (2023, November 21) retrieved 1 March 2024 from https://techxplore.com/news/2023-11-artificial-intelligence-road-safety-issues.html
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