This article has been reviewed according to Science X's editorial process and policies. Editors have highlighted the following attributes while ensuring the content's credibility:


trusted source


Helping robots make a better first impression

Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain

An interdisciplinary research team from the University of Waterloo's Social and Intelligent Robotics Research Lab (SIRRL) has found that people prefer interacting with robots they perceive to have social identities like their own.

This finding was made by Dr. Moojan Ghafurian, based in the Department of Systems Design Engineering and Dr. Kerstin Dautenhahn, from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, who worked together to conduct new research on with . These robots possess social abilities and can interact with humans in interpersonal and social manners.

Their research paper has been published as part of the International Conference on Human-Agent Interaction.

Their research measured the of social robots that humans liked to interact with, focusing on perceived sentiments of robotic identities. They were looking to improve the ways people would want to interact with social robots in health and well-being areas.

The study included 95 participants between the ages of 20 and 67 who were asked to evaluate social robots based on the Affect Control Theory (ACT), which emphasizes qualities like goodness, activity, and power. Ghafurian notes that these ACT traits were used in the study as they are easier to use for designing social robot behaviors than other commonly used methods for creating social robot personalities.

Participants in this study were shown images of 11 different social robots to evaluate how their identities were perceived. The researchers studied how the participants' reaction impacted their reported interest in working with them in a health or well-being context.

"People could interact better with social robots that are able to interact with them in a natural way and are capable of adjusting their behaviors based on who they interact with," Ghafurian said. "To improve the robots' social behaviors, we looked at how they can adjust their identities to better suit the individuals they interact with. In other words, to build personalized social robots."

This research indicates that participants were more interested in working with social robots in a health and well-being context when they perceived a closer match between their identity and the robot's. Although the participants were only shown images of robots, participants had consensus in rating the perceived identities of each robot.

"I'm interested in how social robots can support the health and well-being of older adults, which could significantly impact the by filling in existing care gaps for people that need extra care," Ghafurian said. "This research sets a foundation to understand how we can make those technologies more successful."

Future research will expand on this study and involve actual robots with which the participants will interact, where the different identities will also be manipulated in social robot behaviors and interactions with individuals.

More information: Moojan Ghafurian et al, " Robot Like Me" Revisited - An Alternative Approach of Measuring Human and Agent Personalities and Its Impact on Reported Intention to Use, International Conference on Human-Agent Interaction (2023). DOI: 10.1145/3623809.3623817

Citation: Helping robots make a better first impression (2024, April 9) retrieved 27 May 2024 from
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

Explore further

Eye gaze and facial expression of robots are essential for interaction with humans, finds researcher


Feedback to editors