Scientists develop novel high-energy-density lithium metal battery

Scientists develop novel high-energy-density lithium metal battery
Solvation-Induced Concurrent Protection on the Anode and Cathode toward High-Energy-Density Li Metal Batteries. Credit: NIMTE

Prof. Liu Zhaoping's team at the Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology and Engineering (NIMTE) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) has developed an electrolyte engineering strategy for lithium (Li) metal batteries and thus realized pouch cells with a high energy density of 430 Wh/kg and extended lifespan. The study was published in ACS Energy Letters.  

Pursuing next-generation lithium batteries with a high density especially beyond 500 Wh kg-1 has become a global research hotspot. However, the unstable interface between the anode or cathode and the electrolyte under a limits the energy density promotion. 

As the electrolyte is the only shared component for both the cathode and anode, electrolyte engineering thus becomes a common and facile strategy to stabilize the electrode/electrolyte interface on both a cathode and an anode simultaneously.  

Researchers at NIMTE selected the fluoroether as the electron-withdrawing solvent, and add it into the carbonate-based electrolyte (1.0 M LiPF6 in EC/DMC with 2% wt. LiPO2F2) to weaken the aligned Li+-carbonyl interaction, thus to disturb the balance of Li+-(EC)4 solvation sheath.

As a result, the LiPO2F2 recrystallized from electrolyte and preserved the , realizing concurrent surface protection on both the anode and the cathode.  

According to X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis, recrystallized solid LiPO2F2 decomposed into Li3PO4 and LiF, which rebuilt the electrode/electrolyte interfaces and inhibited undesirable side reactions, like the oxidation of carbonate solvent.  

By virtue of this electrolyte strategy, the researchers successfully fabricated a 3.62-Ah pouch cell of Li/Li-rich layered oxide with a N/P ratio of 2.0 and an electrolyte injection ratio of 2.49 g/Ah, which exhibits a ultra- of 430 Wh/kg (based on whole cell) and stable cycling of 50 cycles. 

This novel engineering strategy may pave the way for future research on the design and use of solid sacrificial additives for high-energy Li metal batteries. 

More information: Wei Deng et al. Competitive Solvation-Induced Concurrent Protection on the Anode and Cathode toward a 400 Wh kg-1 Lithium Metal Battery, ACS Energy Letters (2020). DOI: 10.1021/acsenergylett.0c02351

Citation: Scientists develop novel high-energy-density lithium metal battery (2021, January 27) retrieved 22 May 2024 from
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