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Venezuela kills off petro cryptocurrency

El presidente de Venezuela Nicolás Maduro el 20 de febrero de 2018 al anunciar el lanzamiento de una criptomoneda denominada "Petro"
El presidente de Venezuela Nicolás Maduro el 20 de febrero de 2018 al anunciar el lanzamiento de una criptomoneda denominada "Petro"

Venezuela is putting an end to the petro cryptocurrency that President Nicolas Maduro launched six years ago to sidestep US sanctions, but which never took off and became embroiled in a graft scandal.

All crypto wallets held on the Patria Platform—the only website where the petro was tradeable—will be shut down on Monday, January 15, according to a message displayed on the platform's site.

Any remaining petros are being converted to bolivars, the ailing local currency.

The cryptocurrency was launched with great pomp and ceremony in February 2018, backed by Venezuela's vast petrol reserves, and priced at US $60 per unit.

With Caracas strangled by Washington's economic sanctions, Maduro vowed the petro would "allow new forms of international financing."

However, citizens struggled to understand how to use it and it was labeled a "scam" by some risk rating bodies.

In 2020, Maduro tried to revive the coin by ordering airlines flying from Caracas to use it to pay for fuel, and making it mandatory to pay for state services such as getting a new passport.

Ultimately however, its use remained limited to some state operations such as the payment of taxes. Traffic fines were handed out in petros, but it was not possible to actually pay them using the cryptocurrency.

The government forced banks to present their balances in both bolivars and petros.

On the Patria Platform, mainly used by government to dole out subsidies to the population, users could only exchange petros for bolivars via an auction system.

"The petro (PTR) is officially dead," the private platform CryptoLand Venezuela wrote on last week.

The death knell was a corruption scandal that erupted last year over irregularities in the management of funds from oil operations carried out with crypto assets.

The case led to the resignation of once-powerful petroleum minister Tareck El Aissami and the detention of dozens of officials including top management of the Sunacrip crypto regulator.

It also led to a crackdown on bitcoin mining operations in the country where other cryptocurrencies like bitcoin have been a hugely popular guard against hyperinflation and the deflation of the bolivar.

According to a survey presented in 2022 at the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, 10.3 percent of Venezuelans own , compared to 8.3 percent of Americans and 5 percent of Britons.

© 2024 AFP

Citation: Venezuela kills off petro cryptocurrency (2024, January 12) retrieved 15 April 2024 from https://techxplore.com/news/2024-01-venezuela-petro-cryptocurrency.html
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