Internet

Tough fight looms against ransomware 'epidemic'

The latest wave of ransomware attacks hitting the United States and globally portends a difficult battle against hackers, even as government and the private sector ramp up defenses.

Internet

It's time to make cyber security compulsory

On May 7, a pipeline system carrying almost half the fuel used on the east coast of the United States was crippled by a major cyber attack. The five-day shutdown of the Colonial Pipeline resulted in widespread fuel shortages ...

Engineering

Turbine cooling turns night into day

Keeping turbines running efficiently during a hot Australian summer's day can be hard work. But a new technology is drawing on the cold night air to make it easier.

Computer Sciences

Scientists will protect the 'Smart City' from cyber threats

St. Petersburg, like other cities in the Russian Federation, is actively participating in the establishment of the 'Smart City' program, which will provide new services for residents of the megalopolis, increasing the safety ...

Computer Sciences

Resilience against replay attacks in computer systems

From power grids and telecommunications to water supply and financial systems, digital data controls the infrastructure systems on which society relies. These complex, multi-tier systems depend on layered communications to ...

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Infrastructure

Infrastructure can be defined as the basic physical and organizational structures needed for the operation of a society or enterprise, or the services and facilities necessary for an economy to function. The term typically refers to the technical structures that support a society, such as roads, water supply, sewers, power grids, telecommunications, and so forth. Viewed functionally, infrastructure facilitates the production of goods and services; for example, roads enable the transport of raw materials to a factory, and also for the distribution of finished products to markets. In some contexts, the term may also include basic social services such as schools and hospitals . In military parlance, the term refers to the buildings and permanent installations necessary for the support, redeployment, and operation of military forces .

In this article, infrastructure will be used in the sense of technical structures or physical networks that support society, unless specified otherwise.

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