New material will triple the capacity of lithium-ion batteries

New material will triple the capacity of lithium-ion batteries
Credit: National University of Science and Technology MISIS

Scientists of the National University of Science and Technology "MISIS" (NUST MISIS), part of an international team of researchers, managed to increase the capacity and extend the service life of lithium-ion batteries. According to the researchers, they have synthesized a new nanomaterial that can replace low-efficiency graphite used in lithium-ion batteries today. The results of the research are published in the Journal of Alloys and Compounds.

Lithium-ion batteries are widely used for household appliances from smartphones to electric vehicles. The charge-discharge cycle in such battery is provided by the movement of lithium ions between two electrodes—from a negatively charged anode to a positively charged cathode.

The scope of application of is constantly expanding, but at the same time, according to the scientists, their is still limited by the properties of graphite—the main anode material. Scientists from NUST MISIS managed to obtain a new material for anodes that can provide a significant increase in capacity and extend battery service life.

"Porous nanostructured microspheres with the composition Cu0.4Zn0.6Fe2O4, that we have extracted, used as material provide three times higher capacity than the batteries existing on market. Besides, it allows for an increase in the number of charge-discharge cycles by 5 times compared to other promising alternatives to graphite. This improvement is achieved due to a synergistic effect with a combination of a special nanostructure and the composition of used elements," Evgeny Kolesnikov, an assistant at the Department of Functional Nanosystems and High-Temperature Materials, NUST MISIS said.

Material from Russia will triple the capacity of lithium-ion batteries
Evgeny Kolesnikov, an assistant at the Department of Functional Nanosystems and High-Temperature Materials, NUST MISIS. Credit: Sergey Gnuskov/NUST MISIS

The synthesis of the final material happens via a one-step process without intermediate stages due to the use of the spray-pyrolysis method. As the scientists explained, with ions of special metals is converted into fog with the help of ultrasound, and then water is evaporated at temperatures up to 1200 ° C with decomposition of the original metal salts. As the result, micron or submicron spheres with the porosity, that is required to operate in a system, are extracted.


Explore further

How short circuits in lithium metal batteries can be prevented

More information: Gopalu Karunakaran et al, Hollow-structured Cu0.4Zn0.6Fe2O4 as a novel negative electrode material for high-performance lithium-ion batteries, Journal of Alloys and Compounds (2021). DOI: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2021.158769
Provided by National University of Science and Technology MISIS
Citation: New material will triple the capacity of lithium-ion batteries (2021, March 10) retrieved 23 September 2021 from https://techxplore.com/news/2021-03-material-triple-capacity-lithium-ion-batteries.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
228 shares

Feedback to editors