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Researchers obtain promising results against capacity loss in vanadium batteries

Researchers obtain promising results against capacity loss in vanadium batteries
The study involved computer simulations designed to find out how ion leakage between the anolyte and catholyte, called transport loss, leads to battery deactivation. Credit: CDMF The study involved computer simulations designed to find out how ion leakage between the anolyte and catholyte, called transport loss, leads to battery deactivation. Credit: CDMF

An article by researchers at the Center for Development of Functional Materials (CDMF) in Brazil describes a successful strategy to mitigate charge capacity loss in vanadium redox flow batteries, which are used by electric power utilities among other industries and can accumulate large amounts of energy. The article is published in the Chemical Engineering Journal.

The study involved computer simulations designed to find out how ion leakage between the anolyte and catholyte—called transport loss—leads to deactivation, and how to mitigate this loss so as to keep ion concentration constant over time.

Initially, the researchers estimated the effects of current density, active species concentration and volumetric flow on capacity loss. The second stage sought optimal conditions to minimize capacity loss based on the flow between electrolyte tanks in the opposite direction to cross-contamination (transport of electroactive species through the membrane).

The results showed current density and active species concentration to be the main variables affecting capacity loss. According to the researchers, their approach successfully mitigated cross-contamination in different combinations of the two variables, providing an optimal flow between electrolyte tanks under different operating conditions.

Ernesto Pereira, senior author of the article and a professor at UFSCar, noted that the main advantage of redox flow batteries is the lack of electrode aging as the electroactive components are dissolved in solutions instead of being coated onto electrodes.

Commercial redox flow batteries are expected to have a longer lifetime than other types, although the study was conducted on a small scale. "Energy efficiency loss due to aging is minimal, given the slow pace of aging," he said.

The researchers explained that they are exploring and analyzing batteries computationally, with commercial batteries as a model, as part of a broader strategy that includes the development of novel organic substances for this type of battery.

More information: Luis Felipe Pilonetto et al, Mitigating the capacity loss by crossover transport in vanadium redox flow battery: A chemometric efficient strategy proposed using finite element method simulation, Chemical Engineering Journal (2023). DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2023.145336

Journal information: Chemical Engineering Journal
Provided by FAPESP
Citation: Researchers obtain promising results against capacity loss in vanadium batteries (2023, November 22) retrieved 20 April 2024 from https://techxplore.com/news/2023-11-results-capacity-loss-vanadium-batteries.html
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