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The future of AI could be great—or catastrophic

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A survey of nearly 3,000 machine learning experts on how our lives will be different in an AI world has been completed and the results are in.

The good news: A majority believes AI will usher in a wave of remarkable advances in fields such as science, literature, math, music and architecture, and do so years earlier than a similar survey forecast two years ago.

The bad news is, well, we're all gonna die.

At least those are the sentiments of between 38% and 51% of the respondents who said they believed there was at least a 10% likelihood of an AI-triggered extinction scenario. Nearly 60% said the odds were at least 1 in 20.

The survey was conducted by AI Impacts, which studies the long-term consequences of artificial intelligence.

Not all results were centered on doom and gloom. Researchers found that key AI development is proceeding at such a rapid pace that respondents believe several key achievements will be attained years earlier than predicted barely two years ago.

For example, respondents said there is at least a 50% likelihood of machines gaining the capacity to achieve every possible human task without human assistance—and do so better and more inexpensively—by the year 2047. Two years ago, the estimated target date was 2060.

Other interesting AI accomplishments were projected as early as the late 2020s. They include the ability to generate a video from alternate angles, write a New York Times best-selling novel, and lo and behold, fold laundry.

And imagine generating a flawless song with the style and sound of Taylor Swift, The Weeknd or Ed Sheeran, indistinguishable from the actual artist. That'll be achievable within a couple of years, the survey estimated. Some credible efforts have already been released. The ethics of such achievements were not addressed in the study.

In all, 70% of experts said good are more likely than bad as AI becomes smarter and more powerful.

The study, "Thousands of AI Authors on the Future of AI," was posted on the arXiv preprint server on Jan. 5.

The study found that of 39 tasks outlined in their questionnaires, 35 had at least a 50% likelihood of being accomplished within a decade. Those tasks included beating a human at Go (after each learns the same number of games), recognizing an object after seeing it only once, and winning the prestigious, notoriously challenging Putnam Math Competition.

While a few expressed concern about an , more than half of the respondents expressed "substantial" or "extreme" concern over troubling AI trends, especially the spread of false and .

As an NBC news report recently warned, "A convergence of events at home and abroad, on traditional and —and amid an environment of rising authoritarianism, deep distrust, and political and social unrest—makes the dangers from propaganda, falsehoods and conspiracy theories more dire than ever."

With an American public wary of another likely matchup between President Biden and former President Trump, along with key elections in more than 50 other countries, the ability of AI-generated misinformation threatens to impact the political chemistry within and between nations globally.

The also found "extreme concern" by respondents over deepfakes, manipulation of public opinion trends, authoritarian rulers' potential use of AI to control populations, and a spreading of inequality by irresponsible users of AI.

Three-quarters of respondents said either "more" or "much more" safety research should be done to address growing concerns over AI abuse.

"While the optimistic scenarios reflect AI's potential to revolutionize various aspects of work and life," the report concluded, "the pessimistic predictions—particularly those involving extinction-level risks—serve as a stark reminder of the high stakes involved in AI development and deployment."

More information: Katja Grace et al, Thousands of AI Authors on the Future of AI, arXiv (2024). DOI: 10.48550/arxiv.2401.02843

Journal information: arXiv

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