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New dressing robot can 'mimic' the actions of care workers

New dressing robot can 'mimic' the actions of care-workers
A demonstration of the dressing robot in the laboratory. Credit: University of York

Scientists have developed a new robot that can 'mimic' the two-handed movements of care workers as they dress an individual.

Until now, assistive dressing robots, designed to help an or a person with a disability get dressed, have been created in the laboratory as a one-armed machine, but research has shown that this can be uncomfortable for the person in care or impractical.

To tackle this problem, Dr. Jihong Zhu, a robotics researcher at the University of York's Institute for Safe Autonomy, proposed a two-armed assistive dressing scheme, which has not been attempted in previous research, but inspired by caregivers who have demonstrated that specific actions are required to reduce discomfort and distress to the individual in their care.

Credit: TeepaSnow.com

It is thought that this technology could be significant in the social care system to allow to spend less time on practical tasks and more time on the health and mental well-being of individuals.

Dr. Zhu gathered important information on how care workers moved during a dressing exercise, through allowing a robot to observe and learn from human movements and then, through AI, generate a model that mimics how human helpers do their task.

This allowed the researchers to gather enough data to illustrate that two hands were needed for dressing and not one, as well as information on the angles that the arms make and the need for a human to intervene and stop or alter certain movements.

Dr. Zhu, from the University of York's Institute for Safe Autonomy and the School of Physics, Engineering, and Technology, said, "We know that practical tasks, such as getting dressed, can be done by a robot, freeing up a care worker to concentrate more on providing companionship and observing the general well-being of the individual in their care. It has been tested in the laboratory, but for this to work outside of the lab we really needed to understand how care workers did this task in real-time."

"We adopted a method called learning from demonstration, which means that you don't need an expert to program a robot, a human just needs to demonstrate the motion that is required of the robot and the robot learns that action. It was clear that for care workers, two arms were needed to attend to the needs of individuals with different abilities properly."

"One hand holds the individual's hand to guide them comfortably through the arm of a shirt, for example, while at the same time, the other hand moves the garment up and around or over. With the current one-armed machine scheme, a patient is required to do too much work in order for a robot to assist them, moving their arm up in the air or bending it in ways that they might not be able to do."

The team was also able to build algorithms that made the flexible enough in its movements for it to perform the pulling and lifting actions but also be prevented from making an action by the gentle touch of a human hand or guided out of an action by a human hand moving the hand left or right, up or down, without the robot resisting.

Dr. Zhu said, "Human modeling can really help with efficient and safe human and robot interactions, but it is not only important to ensure it performs the task, but that it can be halted or changed mid-action should an individual desire it. Trust is a significant part of this process, and the next step in this research is testing the robot's safety limitations and whether it will be accepted by those who need it most."

The research is published in the journal IEEE Transactions on Robotics.

More information: Jihong Zhu et al, Do You Need a Hand?—A Bimanual Robotic Dressing Assistance Scheme, IEEE Transactions on Robotics (2024). DOI: 10.1109/TRO.2024.3366008

Journal information: IEEE Transactions on Robotics
Provided by University of York
Citation: New dressing robot can 'mimic' the actions of care workers (2024, March 4) retrieved 12 April 2024 from https://techxplore.com/news/2024-03-robot-mimic-actions-workers.html
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